How to Learn About Meta-Learning: My Resource List
I’ve quoted different sources in my articles. My understanding of various topics is partial at best, downright wrong at worst. A lot could go wrong: I misunderstood the source or you misunderstood my words. Trusting credible sources like books and research papers is always better than trusting some stranger on the Internet. At the very least, I’d like to think that I’ve read and researched enough to separate the wheat from the chaff such that this list is useful. Regardless, if you want a more complete and deeper understanding about meta-learning, here’s my reading list.
I consider this the most fundamental research paper if you’re interested in what the science says about effective and efficient learning. I’ve cited its content a lot. If you’re reading it from a SRS (Spaced Repetition Software) perspective, you’ll get a glimpse of why it’s so effective at promoting learning.
I couldn’t recommend this book more. The content is totally relevant; stories are engaging; explanations are plain and easy to understand. I got started into this whole meta-learning journey largely due to this book.
The author Scott Young is the guy who finished the “MIT Challenge” (without going to college by studying on his own). The content is accessible and insight valuable. In my mind, his definition of “ultra-learning” is broader than meta-learning, so you may consider meta-learning being a part of “ultra-learning”. And probably because of this, it’s not as directly relevant as “Make It Stick”: its focus is more on the “hard side” of meta-learning: retrieval practice, distributed practice, interleaved practice, whereas “Ultra-Learning” also includes the “soft side”: your learning system, productivity and mentality.
This is the book from the “How to Learn” Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC). I read this book before the course existed. Although I’ve not taken the course, if you want to take the course instead of reading the book, my guess is that they’re pretty similar in terms of content.
This is like another version of “Make It Stick” but from different perspectives.
Same as above. I was actually put off by the title because I thought it was a rant about the education system; but it turned out it was about how to learn as well. Here’s a great review of this book from Scott Young: Seven Principles of Learning Better From Cognitive Science
The book is full of infographs and easy-to-digest content. I’ve yet to finish it.
If you want a book on memory, this is it. By memory I mean the typical notions of and subjects about memory like “how to remember faces and random strings of digits, memory systems like the PEG system or PAO system, memory palace” but not necessarily about promoting understaning or comprehension. In other words, it’s about “raw memory” like memorizing a whole German dictionary without (necessarily) knowing German. Highly engaging stories and provide a good background of “memory history” like the story of S and the origin story of memory palace.
This book is brought to you by the researcher who coined the term “deliberate practice”. In terms of relevancy of “what to do with the textbook in front of me”, not really. It’s geared towards mastery of physical skills like sports or musical instruments, not not to become fluid in Spanish or how to learn history. There are relevant aspects to them but not as direct as the above books. To me it’s more about learning the mindset towards learning, to develop a “meta-learning mindset”.
9. Powerful Teaching: You don’t need to be a teacher or educator to benefit from this book (I’m not). Teaching is very closely related to learning. Teachers play the role of guidance like a lighthouse; if you don’t have the luxury of a proper guidance on learning how to learn (most don’t), then you can Do-It-Yourself one and learn to be your own guide. This book shows you the thought-process to do so properly.
PS: I’ve only finished the first one. I’m still Incrementally Reading the others.
The technical equivalence of “Make It Stick”. First recommendation in this category. I consider this a much deeper dive into the above research paper.
A short technical book by the same author from “The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning”. Short and sweet. The target audience is educators but content is still relevant for self-learners.
Largely a collection from Robert A. Bjork, the father of “retrieval strength” and “storage strength”.
One of the editors, John Dunlosky, is one of the authors of the research paper I mentioned above. This tome is over 500 pages long. Very technical and theory-oriented.
1. Supermemo.guru Okay this one is biased.
Where Do I Begin?
Suggestion: the first item from each list
Make It Stick –> Improving Students' Learning With Effective Learning Techniques –> Learning As A Generative Activity
80/20 principle: If you’ve read Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques and Make It Stick, you’ve gained the hypothetical 80% (because one can never finish learning how to learn).
If you only have time for one resource, it’s Make It Stick. Hands down, no question. There are people who would give out a specific book for free because it’s changed his or her life so much. If I do the same it’d be this book. Reading this book will give you 80% of all the knowledge you need on how to learn and study effectively and efficiently. This book accumulates decades' worth of research on cognitive psychology and also is the follow-up of the paper Improving Students' Learning With Effective Learning Techniques.
Let me know if you have any other favorite learning resources. I might add it to the list!